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What You Should Know About the Types of Sharding in Blockchain

What are the Types of Sharding in Blockchain?

The issue of scalability is one many blockchains have been suffering from for years now. A solution called ‘sharding’ has recently gained traction in the crypto world. Creating shards of blockchains and letting them work on adding a separate group of transactions each to the main blockchain are becoming popular. There are different sharding types, and learning about them will give you an idea of how to scale blockchain technology. Let’s find out about sharded blockchain types in this post!

What is Blockchain Sharding?

Sharding is a relatively new approach taken by the developers of various blockchains to facilitate better scalability. The concept here is to make a team of nodes, called shards, to process several transactions.

Let’s understand it this way, what if your computer is put through multiple rigorous tasks? Wouldn’t it be better if these tasks were assigned to multiple threads in the processor? Similarly, scaling a blockchain means increasing the number of blocks, which means more transactions.

Multiple types of sharding blockchain focus on adding transactions to a ledger efficiently and faster. Shards synchronize with each other to create a unified ledger which provides a stronghold to the blockchain. With the help of multiple sharded blockchain types, the true goal of making blockchain technology global and processing large amounts of transactions can be achieved. Now, there are multiple sharding types involved in the crypto world. Understanding them will hopefully help you understand blockchain structures as a whole better.

Types of Sharding Blockchain

Types of Sharding Blockchain
Source / Sharded Blockchain Types: How does sharding work

Network Sharding

Network sharding is one of the types of sharded blockchains that creates better communication between the nodes. This means that the shards process transactions while properly syncing with each other. The whole ledger is stored with the nodes, which improves the ledger’s functionality.

Transaction Sharding

Amongst various types of sharding blockchain, transaction sharding means that the ledger is stored in all the nodes but what gets distributed in shards is the addresses structure. This helps in improving the transaction speeds in the same shard.

State Sharding

Amongst all the types of sharded blockchain, the state-sharded one is the most challenging. Here the complete state is divided into various shards. It helps in making the verification of transactions more secure and correct. However, it requires the shards to constantly stay in touch and be faster with their functions.


Now that you understand all the sharding types, you must know how it can help with scaling blockchain technology. Sharding is now becoming huge by the day among blocking developers. Improving the blockchain technology requires faster transactions and efficient data storage, both of which can be managed with various types of sharding blockchain.

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