What is an RPC Node and How Do They Work?

What is an RPC Node and How Do They Work?

Learn about ‘what is an RPC node?’ and its many types. Our informative guide gives a deeper understanding of ‘how do RPC nodes...

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Greetings, curious mind! Allow us to present to you the concept of RPC nodes – a fascinating aspect of computer networking that enables applications to communicate with each other across different machines. These nodes act as intermediaries between different applications, allowing them to communicate and exchange data seamlessly. 

RPC nodes enable developers to create complex and distributed applications operating across different platforms, making them an essential component of modern technology.

As we delve deeper into this topic, you’ll discover the inner workings of these nodes and how they allow remote procedures to be executed seamlessly. So fasten your virtual seatbelt, and let’s embark on a journey of discovering an RPC node!

What is an RPC Node?

So, let’s start with the basic definition: ‘what is an RPC node?’ An RPC (Remote Procedure Call) node is a server that enables communication between different applications running on other machines in a network. It allows one application to call functions or procedures on another application remotely as if they were running on the same machine. A RPC node receives a request from the client, passes it to the server, executes the procedure, and sends the results back to the client. 

This mechanism is widely used in distributed systems (such as with blockchain nodes) to provide seamless communication between different system components, making it appear that they are all running on a single machine.

How do RPC Nodes Work?

How do RPC nodes work
Source | How do RPC nodes work?

Now that we know ‘what is a RPC node?’, let’s discover ‘how do RPC nodes work?’. RPC (Remote Procedure Call) nodes work by enabling communication between different applications or processes running on other machines in a network. When a client application requests a procedure to be executed on a server application, the RPC node acquires the request and forwards it to the server application. The server application performs the requested operation and returns the results to the RPC node. Finally, the RPC node delivers the results to the client application.

RPC nodes use a specific protocol for encoding and decoding data transmitted between the client and server applications to enable this communication. They also use standard interfaces and data structures to ensure interoperability between applications and platforms. RPC nodes are widely used in distributed systems, such as client-server applications, web services, and cloud computing, to provide a seamless way for applications to communicate across different machines.

The JSON-RPC Protocol

The JSON-RPC protocol is a lightweight remote procedure call (RPC) protocol that uses the JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) format for encoding data. It enables client applications to call functions or procedures on a server application using a simple and easy-to-use API.

RPC Endpoint

An RPC (Remote Procedure Call) endpoint is a network address that identifies the location of an RPC node or server. It specifies the protocol, hostname, port number, and the path to the RPC service. When a client application needs to communicate with an RPC node or server, it sends a request to the endpoint, specifying the procedure or function to be executed.

The endpoint acts as a gateway or entry point to the RPC service, allowing clients to connect and communicate with the server. Depending on the network topology and configuration, the endpoint can be a physical or virtual address. The endpoint generally provides a standardized way for clients to locate and interact with RPC services, enabling seamless communication between distributed applications.

Types of RPC Endpoints

Types of RPC Endpoints
Source | Types of RPC Endpoints

So now that we know ‘what is an RPC node?’, and ‘how do RPC nodes work?’, let’s move on to the types of RPC endpoints. Different types of RPC endpoints can be used for communication between client applications and server applications:

1. Public RPC Endpoints

Public RPC endpoints, the first in this list of the types of RPC endpoints, are accessible from anywhere online, allowing client applications to connect to the RPC service from any location. They are typically used for publicly available web services or APIs, which need to be accessible to many users (such as public blockchain nodes). Public RPC endpoints require robust security measures, such as authentication and encryption, to defend against unauthorized access and data breaches.

2. Private RPC Endpoints

Private RPC endpoints, the second in our list of the types of RPC endpoints, are accessible only from a private or virtual private network (VPN). They are typically used for internal applications or services that need to communicate with each other securely within a closed environment. Private RPC endpoints can offer better security and performance than public endpoints, but they require proper network configuration and access controls to ensure that only authorized users can access them.

3. Alternative RPC Endpoints

There are also alternative RPC endpoints, the third in the list of types of RPC endpoints that can be used for specific use cases. For example, Unix domain sockets can be used for transmission between processes on the same machine, while named pipes can be used for inter-process communication on Windows systems. Alternative RPC endpoints may offer better performance and security for specific applications or platforms but require specialized knowledge and configuration.

Utilization of RPC Node Provider

An RPC (Remote Procedure Call) node provider can benefit developers and organizations requiring remote application procedure calls. Firstly, it allows developers to focus on building their application’s core functionality without worrying about the complexities of managing server infrastructure. The provider scales, monitors, and maintains the RPC nodes, ensuring the service remains available and reliable.

Secondly, a good RPC node provider can offer high-performance and low-latency communication between distributed applications, enabling seamless and efficient communication. Finally, it can also provide robust security features. Utilizing an RPC node provider can ultimately save time, resources, and effort while enhancing the performance and security of the application

How Can You Run RPC Nodes?

Running RPC (Remote Procedure Call) nodes requires setting up a server environment to handle incoming requests and execute procedures remotely. Here are some widespread measures to consider when running RPC nodes:

1. Choose Your RPC Node Configuration

When choosing your RPC (Remote Procedure Call) node configuration, there are a few essential factors to consider:

Client Implementation

Choose the appropriate client implementation based on the programming language and platform that you are using. Common implementations include Ethereum, Bitcoin, and JSON-RPC.

Hardware and System Environments

Ensure that your hardware and system environments can handle the expected workload of the RPC node. Consider factors such as server capacity, memory, and bandwidth. You may need to upgrade your hardware or consider cloud hosting to meet the requirements.

Client Settings

Adjust your client settings based on your needs. For instance, you may require to increase the timeout value to handle longer requests, adjust the cache size to improve performance, or configure access control measures to restrict access to your node.

2. Spin Up an RPC Node

Once you have chosen your RPC (Remote Procedure Call) node configuration, the next step is to spin up your node. There are a few alternatives to consider when doing this:

  • A dedicated server involves setting up your physical or virtual server to host the RPC node. This provides more control over the environment and allows for greater customization but requires more technical expertise.
  • Cloud hosting services such as Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform offer pre-configured server environments that can be used to host your RPC node. This can be a more convenient option for those without technical expertise but can be more expensive.
  • Some specialized providers offer pre-configured RPC nodes for networks like Ethereum, Bitcoin, and others. This can be a cost-effective option for those who want to quickly spin up an RPC node without setting up their server environment.

3. Maintain Your RPC Node

Maintaining your RPC (Remote Procedure Call) node is crucial to ensure its stability, security, and optimal performance. Here are some essential maintenance tasks to consider:

  • Regular updates: Keep your RPC node up-to-date with the latest software and security patches.
  • Monitoring: Monitor your RPC node’s performance and usage to identify potential issues or bottlenecks.
  • Backups: Create regular backups of your node to protect against data loss or corruption.
  • Security: Ensure your node is secure by implementing appropriate access controls, firewalls, and encryption measures.
  • Scalability: Consider scaling your node’s resources to accommodate increased usage and traffic.

By staying on top of these maintenance tasks, you can ensure that your RPC node remains stable, secure, and optimized for its intended use.


In conclusion, we hope this post has answered your questions of ‘what is an RPC node?, ‘how do RPC nodes work?’ and ‘what are the types of RPC endpoints?’ satisfactorily enough. RPC nodes are an essential aspect of modern technology that enables seamless communication and interaction between applications running on different machines. RPC nodes allow developers to build complex and distributed applications that operate across other platforms by allowing remote procedure calls. The JSON-RPC protocol, RPC endpoints, and RPC node providers all play critical roles in enabling this communication and ensuring its reliability, security, and performance.

Whether you are building a client-server application, web service, or cloud computing solution, understanding how RPC nodes work and how to run them is crucial for success. As technology evolves, we can expect RPC nodes to remain a vital component of modern computing and an essential tool for building innovative and robust applications.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is a Remote Procedure Call (RPC)?

A remote procedure call (RPC) is a protocol that enables a computer program to request a service from another program on a remote computer without understanding the network’s details. The remote procedure call allows the developer to write distributed applications by hiding the complexity of network communication and offering the ability to call remote procedures.

2. How is Traffic Sent Through a Public Node?

Sending traffic through a public node involves connecting to a public RPC node and sending JSON-RPC requests over HTTP or WebSocket. To join, you need to know the URL of the node’s endpoint, and you can use a JSON-RPC library to construct the requests. The public node will then handle the request, execute the procedure, and return the results.

3. What are the Benefits of RPC Nodes?

RPC nodes offer several benefits, including accessing data and services remotely without requiring a full node on the client machine. This enables developers to write more efficient applications, as they do not need to store the entire blockchain locally. Additionally, RPC nodes can help distribute the network’s load by offloading work from full nodes and supporting greater scalability.

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